Now that we have a working knowledge of both passive and active investing, let’s compare the two. While some individuals may be best suited for a passive approach, others may find active investing to be a better choice. There are many different components that must be analyzed and assessed before deciding whether actively managed mutual funds or passively managed index funds are the best fit for your own facts, circumstances and financial future.
There is no such investment or strategy that can possibly fit the needs of every investor. It is crucial that you, as the investor, work with a seasoned financial professional who can educate and guide you appropriately. An individual that would be best suited by passive investing is someone who is looking for a simple, cost effective method of investing. As a passive investor, you must be content to perform as well or as poorly as the index. Meanwhile, an active investor believes that portfolio managers can add value to their portfolio by discovering opportunities in the markets that will allow them to outperform their appropriate benchmarks.
As we had learned about the inner-workings of passive investing in the previous edition, we will now focus our attention on passive management’s counterpart, active investing (active management). Under this type of investment management, managers take a more proactive approach in effort to achieve optimal returns and to outperform the market.
What is active investing and how does it work? This investment strategy uses the human touch to actively manage an investment portfolio. Managers will utilize analytical research, forecasts, as well as their own investment experience, expertise and judgment in an effort to make the best possible investment decisions regarding what securities to buy, sell or hold. Active managers tend to believe that short-term price movements are significant and that these movements can often times be predicted. They are not bound by any single index fund’s performance potential and can deploy a multitude of strategies with the goal of outperforming an investment benchmark index. Some of the strategies used by active fund managers to construct their portfolios include risk arbitrage, short positions, option writing and asset allocation.
When it comes to investing, there is not one strategy that fits all. There are many different situations and circumstances that can call for different investment strategies, depending on the investor in question. It is important to make sure that as an investor you are vetting and determining which investments will best fit your particular situation, financial goals, needs, risk tolerance and time horizon. Where should you begin your search for the best investment for you? Most simplistically, investment strategies can be broken down into two specific categories; we know them as active investing (active management) and passive investing (passive management). In order for us to attain a better understanding of how each strategy functions, operates and performs over a longer period of time, we’re going to focus only on passive investing (management) in this article. In the next article, we will cover active investing and in the final of the three part series, we will compare passive investing versus active investing. With that, investors can discern the potential benefits and pitfalls between the two investment strategies prior to deploying such a strategy in their own investment portfolio.
You have worked many years and extremely hard to get your business to the successful level that it is at today. When the day comes for you to retire and ultimately exit your business, what is your plan of action? Do you intend to pass the business along to the next generation or will you look to exit the business entirely and monetize the value that you have built? More importantly, how will your exit strategy coexist with your personal financial plan? Will this strategy have adverse effects on your existing plans or future standard of living? These are all questions that cannot be left to the imagination as there is too much at stake. Preparing an exit strategy can help to insulate you from the many unexpected key factors and variables that may affect your financial future.